Explained: National Congress of China’s Communist party

73
13

China’s ruling Communist Party will begin its 19th National Congress on October 18. 

China’s president and the party’s general secretary Xi Jinping is expected to use the twice-a-decade event to consolidate his hold on power in the world’s second largest economy.

A wider government shake-up could also be on the agenda as a majority of the Communist Party’s top decision-making body, the seven-member Politburo Standing Committee, are expected to retire during the meeting.

Here are some of the key questions about the Congress, who it involves and why it matters:

What is the National Congress?

Held every five years since the 11th Communist Party of China (CCP) Congress in 1977 – the year after Chairman Mao Zedong’s death – the National Congress draws together selected delegates from the CCP’s membership base.

Attendees are required to elect candidates to senior party positions, consider the general secretary’s report, and decide on amendments to the CCP’s constitution.

China President Xi Jinping appears set to tighten grip on power

While the meeting is the highlight of the Chinese political calendar, at which the general line for the CCP is established and celebrated, outcomes have already been decided ahead of the event, according to Roderic Wye, associate fellow of the Asia programme at Chatham House.

“The Congress is a celebration of decisions that have already been taken that we don’t know about from the outside [of the party],” Wye told Al Jazeera.

The week-long gathering is held in Beijing.

China’s new leaders will be unveiled at its conclusion which is believed to be on October 25.

How does it work?

The Congress will bring together 2,287 CCP delegates to shape policy and decide on political positioning.

Only those showing “unshakable belief” and the “correct political stance” are invited to attend, according to the government-owned newspaper China Daily.

Xi will begin proceedings with his report at Beijing’s Great Hall of the People and will use the address to outline the party’s priorities over the next five years.

The report will then be studied during the Congress, though it is widely expected to be accepted and implemented by delegates without challenge.

Delegates, representing an estimated 90 million party members nationwide, will also elect about 200 members to the CCP’s Central Committee.

The committee is then tasked with appointing members to the 25-member Politburo, which in turn decides on membership of the seven-member Politburo Standing Committee that sits at the apex of Chinese politics. 

CCP attendees are also tasked with deciding on amendments to the party’s constitution. Since its creation in 1922, the constitution has been changed at every Congress.

What to watch out for?

Chinese politics, and the workings of the CCP Congress, are shrouded in secrecy.

However, this event is likely to reveal the extent to which Xi has consolidated power since rising to the role of general secretary in November 2012.

Elections and constitutional amendments decided at this summit are being watched closely by analysts for signs that the Chinese leader has tightened his grip at the helm of his party.

Xi will almost certainly have attempted to exert his influence over the renewal process, Hongyi Lai, an associate professor of contemporary Chinese studies at the University of Nottingham, told Al Jazeera.

It is widely expected that he will try to put in new leaders, ones that have supported him or that he has groomed over the last few years,” Lai said. “[And] it’s also likely that he will put ‘Xi Jinping thought’ into the constitution.”

Appointments to the powerful Politburo Standing Committee will be of particular significance, potentially signifying Xi’s plans for a successor, or his intention to remain in power past China’s current constitutional two-term limit.

Up to five of its seven members – of which Xi is one – are expected to retire having reached the age of 68.

Wang Qishan, 69, is a current committee member and close political ally of Xi. Should he continue in his role, as the country’s anti-corruption chief, it may signal that China’s leader is considering extending his own political life at the helm of the CCP past the next Congress, in 2022.

At least on the surface, Xi has sowed himself more aggressively and obviously into the Chinese political system

Hongyi Lai, associate professor

Xi’s expected move to write his own political philosophy in the CCP constitution may also indicate an intention to prolong his period in power. The amendment would elevate Xi to a constitutional status akin to Mao Zedong, founding member of the CCP and the People’s Republic of China, and Deng Xiaoping.

“This signifies the extent of his influence in the Chinese political system, neither of his two immediate predecessors would have been able to do this at the end of their first terms,” Lai said.

“At least on the surface, Xi has sowed himself more aggressively and obviously into the Chinese political system.”

What does this mean for China, and the world?

Xi’s first five years at the top of Chinese politics have been characterised by consolidation of power as opposed to delivering his plans for reform revealed at the 18th CCP Congress.

Upon assuming office in 2012, he promised to pursue new social and economic policies, including a crackdown on corruption and reduce bureaucracy.

Should he be successful in extending his control over the CCP over the next week, Xi will be under pressure to finally implement such plans during his second term, Lai said.

“The burden is on him [Xi] to pursue new policy and he may want to introduce reforms regarding the economy, society and governance,” he said. “In the second term, the burden is on him to deliver.”

On the international stage, however, this Congress is unlikely to alter the country’s approach under Xi which has seen China increasingly assert itself in global politics, according to Wye. 

“I don’t think we are expecting a sudden swerve in Chinese policy, but there will be a lot of attention given to the country’s One Belt and One Road initiative,” he said.

73 COMMENTS

  1. Eu amo rendas também… as pretas me atraem mais!Apesar de ser inverno aqui no Brasil, eu adaptei uma saia de renda que eu tenho para o inverno…. coloquei com uma meia preta e ficou um arraso! Adoro vc Miloca!!! []Camila Coelho Respondeu:May 4th, 2011 em 7:39 pm, Nossa, deve ter ficado um show mesmo.. amo looks com meia preta =)Bjinhos amoree []

  2. ModerateGOP,Thank you for your interest and kind words. I’ve only been on the job two days, and I’m already flooded with work.The new and improved website will likely be up by this Friday, and it will have a calendar of events, etc.-Ann

  3. Given her stance on abortion, it was utterly irresponsible of her to have a fifth child at the age of 44. The fifth child has Down syndrome. How could she do such a terrible thing? And conservatives on sites like “View from the Right” are applauding her *courage* for keeping the baby! She is stupid, stupid, stupid.

  4. Sorina, scumpa mea, daca intampini vreo problema, te rog mult sa imi scrii. O sa urmaresc cu atentie comentariile de la tine si iti voi raspunde imediat.Ma bucur tare mult ca iti place ciorbita si sper sa iti placa si gustul daca o vei incerca.Pup dulce!!VN:F [1.9.21_1169]please wait…VN:F [1.9.21_1169](from 0 votes)

  5. It is impossible to grasp the meaning of the idea of soundmoney if one does not realize that it was devised as an instrumentfor the protection of civil liberties against despotic inroadson the part of governments. Ideologically it belongs in the sameclass with political constitutions and bills of rights.The Theory of Money and Credit, p. 454Thus the sound-money principle has two aspects. It is affirmativein approving the market’s choice of a commonly usedmedium of exchange. It is negative in obstructing the government’spropensity to meddle with the currency system.The Theory of Money and Credit, p. 455

  6. years ago, I came across an abandoned house…me, being me, went to look around. The stairs were falling apart…but there were clothes strewn everywhere…and a really cold vibe there. My imagination ran wild with the possibilities of what had happened there. I think it mighta been around the Oshawa area actually

  7. Such intellectualism from senators who find it impossible to craft and authorize a budget for our country…not just for one but for more than three years running. And by the way, since the United Nations is such a fine example of fidelity when it comes to handling the US taxpayers dollars, why shouldn't we "invent" more international organizations where we can throw our money away? Wait…aren't we $16T in debt?

  8. I also use a spray bottle. I have found that if it is a material I haven’t used before I check to make sure it would come out first. I have had towel sets that I have started and didn’t get the set finished and have left the blue in for a while (a couple months even) and it has washed out really easy. I do know it warns you never to apply heat so I am careful for that.I take it you are talking roll on type of bottle. Wonderful idea!

  9. Hiya, I am really glad I have found this info. Today bloggers publish just about gossips and web and this is really annoying. A good blog with interesting content, that’s what I need. Thank you for keeping this web-site, I will be visiting it. Do you do newsletters? Can’t find it.

  10. Hej AlfonsDet verkar precis så som du säger.I nuläget för att kunna flasha de nya 1175 och 1532 spelarna så behöver man tydligen utföra RGH på dem för att komma åt DVD nyckeln.När man fått tag i den så måste man byta ut det dvd kretskort som sitter i dvd spelaren mot ett annat som går att programmera med rätt nyckel.Pris och mer info om detta kommer så snart vi fått den infon./Xboy

  11. Lo que te he dicho en Facebook, que muchas felicidades y gracias por hacerme viajar cada dia un poquito y llenarme con cosas bonitas.Apúntame al sorteo por favor.un beso CecíliaPS Yo tanpoco en mi vida hubiese creido que la blogosfera me habría llenado tantísimo en muchos sentidos 🙂 Alucinante!

  12. Ringed couple boosts sex life, energy, and endurance with the only healthy libido enhancer Hot Rawks. They talk about enlarged vaginal lubrication, much stamina, decreased appetence, better mood, and how it spiced things up within the bedroom! Womanly Viagra indeed!

  13. No idea what you can do to be supportive of your friends other than not judge them. I don’t make a religion out of it, either, but many of my closest friends do. There is no way to live a completely compassionate, vegan lifestyle in the modern world. The most you can do is avoid what you can.

  14. I’m sure there’s some economics to the whole thing, but it’s particularly frustrating to me because I live in Tucson, a place with 1) binational, bilingual culture and 2) lots of liberal artsy types, at least for Arizona and 3) one hour from the border and 4) ground central for all kinds of immigration stuff. I’m pretty sure they could fill a few theaters if they showed it here.

  15. அது அந்த ஆட்டோ டிரைவரின் அறியாமையைக் காட்டுகிறது. ஏட்டுச் சுரைக்காய் கறிக்கு உதவாது என்பதில் தெளிவான புரிதல் இருந்திருந்தால் பள்ளிக்கல்விக்கு பல ஆயிரங்களில் அவர் கொட்ட மாட்டார். இவ்வாறு பல ஆயிரங்கள் கொட்டி தனியார் பள்ளியில் படித்த என் மாமா பையன் 10ம் வகுப்பில் ஏன் 500க்கு 275 எடுத்தான்? தனியார் பள்ளியின் பப்பு ஏன் அவனிடம் வேகவில்லை?

  16. Bothered by the size of your penis and whether it is big enough to satisfy women in bed? You rightfully should. Because as opposed to what women usually say the size of a male organ matters a lot when it comes to having sex. In fact in a recent survey conducted 67 of women agree that size does matter and that they honestly are not satisfied with their partners penis size.

  17. Good work! Certification is one good thing to have when you have attended an SEO Training like this but remember that the best teacher is to apply the skills you’ve learn in this particular certification training. Remember continue to be involve with other good webmaster for you be a better certified SEO specialist..

  18. thats a fair comment and very true. they should have separate teams working on both formats, i do think when it comes to multi format games the ps3 is just a bugger to code for and developers are just choosing easy way out now and delivering garbage. its not really fair when we pay good money we should expect parity between the two. i won’t buy any game that is inferior because there is no excuse for it.VN:F [1.9.17_1161](from 0 votes)

  19. Thanks for the comment, Gary! And I couldn’t agree more that the “doing something about it” part is difficult. This is where a well-defined company culture becomes especially important. A company with a strong cultural focus is in much better position to actively engage their workforce than those that have an ambiguous or undefined culture.

  20. Our school board is proposing a salary of $265,000 for the new superintendent. This does not take into account benefits that push his/her total compensation to over $400,000. I understand that the superintendant of New York City Schools has a salary of $250,000 and is responsible for 1.1 million students. Our superintendant has charge of about 4,000 students. Could anyone explain why he/she should be paid comparably.

  21. Think about fields that interest you, talents with which you are blessed and needs that are not being met to come up with your own list of outside the box job ideas self employment. Perhaps, the way to go will probably be yes. It is wise to take the classical conditioning method first because it is easier to do.my web-site My site >

  22. Poor little fella!!Could you imagine???I never ever thought abt this kind of thing happening!You guys made some great educative comments.Tnx Just one last thing;I thought that the tittle “Certified Popologist” meant that you were …some kind of a “smart” popologist.Dont wanna be patronizing but I’m just saying…great find TC

  23. Les 5 mots suivants ont une seule graphie, avec le o :- cancérogenèse- cancérologie et cancérologue- cancérophobie et cancérophobePar ailleurs, le Larousse et le Robert recommandent de mettre le o.donc cancérOgène semble définitivement l’emporter.

  24. pelasia / WitajcieJeżeli nie macie co robić z pieniÄ™dzmi to polecam super sposób na wyrzucenie ich w bÅ‚oto .Dieta cud to dieta mż – mniej żreć zdrowy sposób życia. Nie odżywianie siÄ™ fast foodami. TrochÄ™ sportu i 20 kg mniej w rok bez leków . WażyÅ‚am 80kg a teraz 60kg.

  25. I go every year when we do our Christmas 3 weeks before Christmas day, mainly for the benefit of my niece who loves it, but I’m pretty handy on the ice too. It’s popular hear every year now with outdoor rinks popping up everywhere, we go to the grounds of a country manor house near where my sister lives so has an amazing back drop.

  26. Franco Pontes disse:Seu Oldemar, claramente, você não conhece a UECSA e seus representantes.Essa pseudoinstituição não representa os estudantes a muuuuito tempo, ela representa sempre a situação. Você conhece um tal de Da Lua? É gente da estirpe desse rapaz que tem por lá. Então desqualificar essa entidade desqualificada não é dar um tiro no pé ou cuspir para cima. A UECSA é uma aberração que só surge em duas situações: vender carteirinhas e fazendo essa eleição direcionada.E se eu falo disso é com conhecimento de causa e analisando criticamente.

  27. William R. Marshall I tried to find the answer to a puzzling question. Had no luck here.Why are there no “comment” choices on some very controversial pictures?I would love to be able to add my 2 cents worth, but I am prevented from doing so.I can either share or like, but not comment?What am I missing, or doing wrong?

  28. I’M NEVER READY FOR THIS OR THATI’m never ready for thisor that.It’s so hard to acceptsome of the thingsthe world has to offer.Like meeting new peoplein order to form bonds and friendships. There’s too much at staketo let myself open up and be free.Harder still is the moment of acceptance…whether social,medical,familial…even success.I find it very difficultto accept the letters that come in my mailbox saying,“Yes, we’ve accepted your work.” Checks follow,which helps,but it’s never enough to make a difference in my lifestyle.

  29. This little guy was pretty impressive as an actor. You see him here when he probably was about 5 or 6, if that . When he was 12 he had the lead in the play. He was following in the footsteps of his older brother, Tycen. They were both terrific!! Reading lines, rehearsals & being in the audience with my boys on stage are some of my fondest memories as a mom.

  30. I much like the useful information you present within your article content.I will bookmark your blog and take a look at all over again below often.I am quite certain I will be taught a lot of new things proper right here! High-quality luck for that next!

  31. Morgana disse:Crueldade é ter o corpo controlado pelo estado e morrer por isso.Crueldade é ser vista como uma mera incubadora.Crueldade é ser objetificada e reduzida a pedaço de carne. Humilhante é ser julgada por querer controlar o próprio corpo e a própria vida.

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here